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Johannes Gutenberg Prints the First Book - the Bible

On September 30, 1452 an event took place that would literally change the course of history. The first book was printed by Johannes Gutenberg. He printed a copy of what would be known as the Gutenberg Bible. Not only did this put the Bible into the hands of common people it would set the stage for widespread knowledge throughout the world. Here is what Wikipedia has to say about Johann Gutenberg.

Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (c. 1398 – February 3, 1468) was a German goldsmith and printer who is credited with being the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439, and the global inventor of the mechanical printing. His major work, the Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible), has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality.

Among the specific contributions to printing that are attributed to Gutenberg are the design of metal movable type, the invention of a process for making such type in quantity (mass production), the use of oil-based ink, and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the screw olive and wine presses of the period. His truly epochal invention was the combination of these elements into a practical system. Gutenberg may have been familiar with printing; it is claimed that he had worked on copper engravings with an artist known as the Master of the Playing Cards.[1] Gutenberg's method for making type is traditionally considered to have included a type metal alloy and a hand mould for casting type. It should be noted that new research may indicate that standardized moveable type was a more complex evolutionary process spread over multiple locations.[2]

The use of movable type was a marked improvement on the handwritten manuscript, which was the existing method of book production in Europe, and upon woodblock printing, and revolutionized European book-making. Gutenberg's printing technology spread rapidly throughout Europe and is considered a key factor in the European Renaissance. Gutenberg remains a towering figure in the popular image; in 1999, the A&E Network ranked Gutenberg #1 on their "People of the Millennium" countdown, and in 1997, Time–Life magazine picked Gutenberg's invention as the most important of the second millennium.[3]

Here are three worksheets that can be used for history.

Gutenberg Prints 1st Book - Primary Worksheet

Johannes Gutenebrg Biography Worksheet for Older Students

Newspaper Layout for the 1st Book Printed.

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